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What is CBD Oil, Hemp Oil, THC Oil, Cannabis Oil, and Marijuana Oil?

Every field of interest comes with its own terminology. In the world of CBD, it can seem like there are many terms that are being thrown out there, such as CBD oil, hemp oil, THC oil, cannabis oil, and marijuana oil. With the vast amount of information being introduced, it is easy to confuse one term from the next. We have received numerous questions in regards to the difference between all of these terms.

Reasonably, many individuals research their information on the internet; however, some of the information found online can be misleading. CBD is still a relatively new field and we’ve noticed many reported misconceptions. CBD oil, hemp oil, THC oil, cannabis oil, and marijuana oil all refer to oils coming from the cannabis plant. However, they differ in how they are grown, extracted, and used. In this blog post, we will discuss the differences between these terms in hopes of educating the public and helping people gain a more beneficial understanding.

The Difference Between Hemp and Marijuana

 

First, it is important to explain the difference between hemp and marijuana. It is common for these two plants to be grouped as one and the same. However, hemp and marijuana are two distinct strains of the cannabis plant; they are cultivated for different purposes and react differently in the body.

Hemp pertains to a strain of Cannabis Sativa that has been bred precisely for oils and topical ointments, fiber used for clothing and construction, nutritional benefits, and a broad thriving variety of other purposes that do not involve the euphoria that is associated with marijuana. Hemp is a fast growing plant and was one of the first plants to be spun into usable fiber more than 10,000 years ago.

The Difference Between Hemp and Marijuana

TypeIs

it Cannabis?

Chemical Makeup

Psychoactive?

Cultivation

Applications

Hemp

Yes

Low THC  

  (< 0.3%)

No

Requires minimal care. Adaptable to grow in most climates.

Automobiles, body care, clothing, construction, food, plastic, etc.

Marijuana

Yes

High THC

 (5%-35%)

Yes

Grown in carefully controlled atmosphere

Medical and recreational use

 

Hemp Plant

Marijuana is a slang term used to characterize strains of Cannabis Sativa specifically bred for resinous glands, which are very potent and grow on the flowers and some leaves.  

Marijuana Plant

Scientifically, the difference between what we refer to as hemp and marijuana comes from the intention the strain was bred for. The main difference between hemp and marijuana is the level of THC in the plant. Hemp has high levels of cannabidil(CBD) and very low levels of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Marijuana is recognized for having high levels of THC and lower in CBD. In order to be considered hemp, the plant must have less than 0.3 percent THC. High levels of THC are responsible for the intoxicating feeling that marijuana is known for.  

CBD Oil

With that being said, let’s discuss the wonderful thing we call CBD oil. CBD oil is made from the specific hemp strain that is bred for fiber, topicals, nutritional benefits, and more. It is made from high-CBD, low-THC hemp. CBD oil is extracted using the whole plant or aerial parts. Aerial parts of the plant are parts which are completely exposed to air. Since hemp contains only trace amounts of THC, CBD oil products are non-psychoactive.

CBD is the second most abundant cannabinoid in marijuana after THC. Cannabidiol (CBD) is just one of over 85 cannabinoids presently identified in the cannabis plant. Since CBD is non-psychotropic, this makes it a safer, less controversial alternative to marijuana while still offering significant wellness benefits.

Hemp oil

Hemp oil is derived from the hemp plant. Hemp plants are a form of cannabis sativa that is typically grown for industrial purposes. These plants contain low levels of cannabinoids including the two most commonly known: THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) and CBD (cannabidiol). The oil is extracted from the hemp plants by pressing the seeds they produce. This method of extraction is similar to how olive and coconut oil is obtained.

Since hemp seeds do not contain any THC, the extracted oil does not contain any as well. Trace amounts may potentially still be found due to plant matter adhering to the seeds during processing. However, modern commercial manufacturing decontaminates seeds by 99.99%.

Oils extracted from different parts of the hemp plant may contain some amounts of THC or CBD but still be labelled as hemp oil since it is made from hemp plants. These products must have that information printed on them. So, be diligent to read before purchasing if you are concerned about ensuring it is CBD and THC-free.

The important thing to keep in mind when thinking about hemp oil vs CBD oil is that even though CBD oil sometimes is extracted from hemp plants,it can also be extracted from other cannabis plants that contain higher levels of THC. Hemp oil is always extracted from hemp plants but can contain no CBD/THC (from the seeds) or high CBD/trace THC (from the resin glands).

The Difference Between Hemp Oil and CBD Oil

 

Hemp Oil

CBD Oil

Species of Origin

Cannabis sativa

Plant bred for low cannabinoid content

Cannabis sativa

 

Parts Used To Produce Oil

Seeds

Leaves,buds,flowers

Cannabinoid Content

Low THC,Low CBD

Low THC,High CBD

Uses

Foodstuff,Industrial Applications

Medicine

Production Method

Pressing

Solvent Extration

THC Oil, Marijuana Oil, and Cannabis Oil

THC oil, marijuana oil, and cannabis oil are generally associated with the same product. Essentially, they all mean the same thing. With the help of alcohol, this oil is made by extracting the resin of the female marijuana plant. Remember, the marijuana plant is the high-THC strain. The resin dissolves in alcohol and then the alcohol evaporates. The residue will consist of a thick syrup abundant in THC. This type of oil is illegal because of the high levels of THC.

 

What’s the Difference?

CBD oil can be interchanged with hemp oil. CBD oil comes from high-CBD, low-THC hemp and is legal in the United States.  THC oil, marijuana oil, and cannabis oil can be interchanged as well. These oils come from high-THC, low-CBD marijuana and are illegal in the United States. When you are ready to purchase CBD products it is important to not only know the difference between hemp and marijuana, but also to purchase from a reputable company that sources their hemp legally.